Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

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Trip Details

The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is a protected area in the eastern Terai of  Nepal covering an area of 348 sq. km, including the buffer zone of 173 sq. km. It includes expansive mudflats, reed beds, and freshwater marshes in the floodplain of the Sapta Koshi River, and ranges in elevation from 75 to 81 m (246 to 266 ft). It is the only wildlife reserve and protected area in the Terai of eastern Nepal. The eastern and western banks of the Sapta Koshi River define the area. It was founded in 1976 to conserve the last remaining population of wild water buffalo, locally known as Arna. It was then designated as the first Ramsar site of Nepal in December 1987. It hosts Nepal's last remaining herd of wild water buffalo.

Traveling to Koshi Tappu wildlife reserve offers a unique exploration of the land and water ecosystem of Nepal. You can enjoy a boat ride on The Sapta Koshi River and take a glimpse of sunbathing gharials and crocodiles, Gangetic dolphins, etc. The other major activities in the wildlife reserve include Bird Watching, Jeep Safari, Rafting, and a village and nature walk. You can observe and behold all the incredible wildlife and culture the area has to offer. The major attractions here include the rare Wild Water Buffaloes, Blue Bulls, Gangetic Dolphins, and Golden Jackals along with over 400 species of birds as we explore the marshes on foot, inaccessible sandbank, and islands of the mighty Koshi River. In addition to that, this wildlife reserve also provides inhabitants to 31 mammals, 485 birds, 200 fishes, and more. The vegetation of this wildlife reserve includes submerged and floating aquatic plants, riverine forests as well as seasonally flooded grasslands. Although the coverage of grasslands is more than forests.

Often praised as a paradise of birds, Koshi Tappu was originally established to protect the last remaining population of Asiatic wild buffalos in Nepal, but birds are the big draw here with the many small marshlands, pools, and grasslands providing a haven for birds and birdwatchers alike. It is a great attraction for bird lovers who want to explore as much as the over 400 species of birds in the reserve. A whole extra day is dedicated to Bird-watching. The vegetation near the river banks holds many passerines and the finest birding sites inside and outside the reserves. They are located between Koshi Camp and the barrage. The best time to visit the reserve is between the months from September to February when the birds migrate to move away from cold regions like Mongolia and Siberia.
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve has been attracting many domestic as well as international tourists. The nearest airport to the reserve is located at Biratnagar where the domestic airlines operate daily flights from Kathmandu, or you can also go by bus.  The wildlife reserve headquarters is located 57 km west of Biratnagar by road. There are many packages you can book for wildlife tour that offers nature walks along the woods, grasslands, beaches, etc for those who love walking. You can also enjoy camping, picnic, barbeques, and cultural programs at night in the nearby resorts.

Trip Itinerary

Trip Info

Highlights of Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

  • Go bird watching and witness more than 407 species of birds including Bengal florican, white-rumped vulture, peafowl,  and many more
  • Enjoy nature walking, camping, jungle safari, picnic, etc.
  • Observe wildlife like the rare wild water buffaloes, Gangetic dolphins, crocodiles, etc
  • Go boating at Sapta Koshi River
  • Go to the Pink Observation Tower
  • Enjoy the beautiful sunset views from the bank of the Koshi river
  • Explore the surrounding villages, interact with local people and explore their culture and lifestyles from up close.