Nepal, a Himalayan country can also be called the mountaineer’s paradise as it holds the top 5 highest mountains among the top 6 highest mountains in the world. On top 6 highest mountains, all the mountains lie in Nepal excluding the second-highest mountain. The top five mountaineering in Nepal’s territory is Mt. Everest, Mt.Kanchenjunga, Mt.Lhotse, Mt.Makalu, and Mt.Cho Oyu. Sagarmatha is the highest mountain in the world with its new height of 8848.86 m. Mt.Everest was first climbed by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953 with a British tour led by John Hunt.

Nepal can be the destination for mountains lover, trekkers, and hikers as we can find more than 1310 mountains in Nepal with a height of over 5500m to 8000m above sea level. Nepal is the best place for mountaineering in the world as it holds 5 mountains higher than 8000m and hundreds of mountains with a height of more than 600m are opened for climbing.

Besides these 5 highest peaks, 326 other mountains within Nepal are opened for mountaineering tours, and out of the 103 have never been climbed before. Nepal offers mountaineers more opportunities than any other country in the world with endless challenges.
The Sherpas has built a reputation on mountaineering with many people achieving glorified status with their multiple Everest climb and other peaks above 8000m. The most journey doesn’t start without the loyal and extremely reliable Sherpas. There are also many people or groups of people involved in this service which are also called Sherpas. They risk their lives for their clients’ life so we can call them a rescuer.

Facts about Top five mountains of Nepal

1. Sagarmatha

Worldwide Name: Mt. Everest

Old Height : 8,848m/29,029ft

New Height : 8,848.86m/ 29,032ft

Location : Solukhumbu District/ Province No.1, Nepal

World Ranking : 1

Co-Ordinates : 27o59’17” N 86o55’31” E

First Climber : Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary on 29 May 1953

Parent Range : Mahalangur Himalaya

The Mt. Everest is called Sagarmatha in Nepal. Everest was named after George Everest who was a former Surveyor General of India. It is also famous by the name of Chomolungma in Tibet which means “Mother Goddess of the World”. The old height of Mt. Everest (8848m) was first calculated by a survey of India in 1954 and later confirmed by a Chinese survey in 1975. The new height of Mt. Everest was started to measure from 2019 to 2020 and later confirmed its height 8848.84m on December 8, 2020 (2077/08/23) by Nepal and China. There are two major routes to climb Mt. Everest they are south and north.

2. Kanchenjunga

Height : 8,586m/ 28,169ft

Location : Taplejung District/ Province No.1, Nepal

World Ranking : 3

Co-Ordinates : 27042’12’’ N 88o08’51” E

First Climber : TJoe Brown and George Band on 25 May 1955

Parent Range : Kanchenjunga Himalaya

Until 1856 Kanchenjunga was considered the highest mountain in the world. It lies in the eastern part of Nepal bordering India. Kanchenjunga is the 3rd highest mountain in the world and the 2nd highest mountain of Nepal.

3. Lhotse

Height : 8,516m/ 27940ft

Location : Solukhumbu District, Province 1

World Ranking : 4

Co-Ordinates : 27o57’42” N 86o55’59” E

First Climber : Fritz Luchsinger, Ernst Reiss on 18 May, 1956

Parent Range : Mahalangur Himalaya

Lhotse is the 4th highest mountain in the world and the 3rd highest mountain in Nepal. Lhotse lies to the south of Mount Everest and is joined by a ridge at an elevation of about 7600m (25,00ft) so it is sometimes considered as a part of the Everest massif. Lhotse climbers share the same base camp as Everest climbers until Camp 3.

4. Makalu

strong>Height : 8,463m/ 27,766ft

Location : Solukhumbu District, Province 1

World Ranking : 5

Co-Ordinates : 27o53’23” N 87o05’20” E

First Climber : Lionel Terray, Jean Couzy on 15 May 1955

Parent Range : Mahalangur Himalaya

Makalu is considered one of the most difficult eight thousand meters mountains due to its steep pitches and knife-edge ridges in the world. The first Nepali climber Mr. Ang Chepal Sherpa summit Mt. Makalu on May 1, 1978.

5. Cho Oyu

Height : 8,188m/ 26,864ft

Location : Solukhumbu District, Province 1

World Ranking : 6

Co-Ordinates : 28o05’39” N 86o39’39” E

First Climber : Hertbert Tichy, Joseph Jochler, Pasang Dawa Lama on 10 October, 1954

Parent Range : Mahalangur Himalaya

Cho Oyu is the 6th highest mountain in the world and the 5th highest mountain in Nepal. It lies on the border of Nepal, China. Cho Oyu shares both base camps (Nepal and Tibet, China) but mostly the north side (Tibet side) is scaled.

FAQ

What is the best time for mountaineering?

Visiting in the early autumn, spring, and summer seasons is the best time for mountaineering as it provides more pleasant and stable weather conditions. It allows mountaineers to avoid heavy snowfall, extremely cold temperatures, and strong winds.

What are the required health conditions?

Mountaineers must be in good health with average physical fitness and must be physically and mentally prepared to take on challenges. Some trekkers have altitude sickness around the snow-capped mountains so trekkers should have some medications and knowledge of altitude sickness.